The women were important leaders in the production of knowledge, academic, non-fiction or non fiction, and cultural production in all its forms. Although the research, the number of poets, writers, scholars and jurists in the history of the region can still be infected in their childhood, some progress has been made to bring history to life. The writing and literature have always been an important element of women’s activism. In the early stages, women, writing in magazines and newspapers, sometimes male pseudonyms. In 1880, women in Egypt, the men wrote in journals and in 1890 the women of the middle class has begun to publish and find their own magazines and newspapers in Egypt, Lebanon and Syria. In the Official Journal of the first women in Egypt was founded in 1892 by Hind Nawfal. Salima Abu Rashid in 1914, founded a magazine called “Fatat Lubnan” (Girl from Lebanon), to inspire young women.
In 1914 he dedicated his book especially for those who believe in the spirit of women to combat corruption and challenge oppression. Ajamy Club also started female literacy in 1914 to promote women’s education and intellect. In 1921, Julia founded a magazine called al-Dimashqiya mar’a al-Jadida (modern woman) in Beirut, urged women to participate in their society. Najla Abu al-Montes started her magazine, Al-Fajr (dawn), the same year, in order to present new research results and studies. The magazine Nazik Abid, Nur al-Fayha light (from Damascus), insisted that the obstacle is for the national progress of inequality between men and women. In 1923 he published Afifa Fandi Sha’b Al-Khidr (boudoir) for all Lebanese to unite despite their differences. All these journals have played an important role in mobilizing women to demand rights and organize.
Before the advent of television, radio plays an important role in the music industry. Women like Um Kulthum, Asmahan, and others have played an important role. Um Kulthum has played a central role in the definition of women in leadership positions in the public sphere, political and cultural. Every first Thursday of each month throughout the region were, men and women in their homes or coffee shops, where he started listening to the radio transmission of a new song Um Kulthum. Um Kulthum (probably born in 1902) has redefined the role of artists and a respected profession noble. Detailed reports on the life of Umm Kulthum to reinforce the important role played by the mother, her education through the Kuttab (a traditional school, which teaches the Koran and read and write) and ensure Kulthum accompany his father during his performances in the villages. Um Kulthum, many of the stereotypical roles of women and has broken ground injured in a public way. He recited verses from the Koran in a movie (the kingdom of men), has dominated the repertoire (a recital strictly religious men), attended the funeral of Sheikh Al-Abi Ulaa, and ran for the leadership of the Union of Artists. He founded a group of women donated their gold, and decided to take a tour of Arab and European cities to sing and support the Arab fighters in the nationalist struggle in Palestine.
Arab future directions, The Middle East and North Africa is very large and diverse, making it necessary to consult the readings and additional resources in order to acquire a mastery of leadership of women historically and in the present. Women in positions of leadership in the field of cultural production, innovation and economic movements of other women in countries like Yemen, Iraq and Algeria are still pending. In general, and despite the many challenges faced by women today, the region is experiencing a resurgence of activism and leadership of women. Several new regional networks have been established or re-invented, a leading role in issues relevant to the lives of women, including violence against women, political participation, development, globalization and trade laws, to take family and rights of citizenship. Nationality regional campaign.